Gum Graft Surgery
When tooth roots are exposed, as a result of an extensive gum recession, periodontists can suggest a gum graft surgery to cover roots or develop gum tissue, which also help to prevent additional recession and bone loss.
Because recession is a gradual process, many people don’t realize that their gums have receded. If it is not treated, it can cause tooth sensitivity, especially when eating cold or hot foods, and it can even cause tooth loss over time.
Types of gum graft
Gum graft surgery is carried out under local anesthesia, and the procedure is generally pain-free. This surgery involves taking gum tissue from the palate or another donor source to cover the exposed root. Gum grafting can be done for one tooth to several teeth or even to the gum line.
Three different types of procedures are typically performed. When a flap of skin is cut from the palate and tissue from under the flap is removed and stitched to the gum tissue surrounding the exposed root, it is known as connective-tissue graft. When a small of tissue is removed directly from the palate and then attached to the gum area being treated, instead of making a flap and removing tissue under the top layer of flesh, it is called free gingival graft. And the procedure involving a partial cut of gum around or near the tooth instead of taking tissue from the palate, it is known as pedicle graft.
This surgery offers many benefits. In addition to covering exposed roots and reducing further recessions, gum graft surgery improves both function and esthetics, protecting the roots from decay, reducing tooth sensitivity, and providing a beautiful and new smile.